Head and Neck Cancers
Head and neck cancers are diagnosed with a combination of history and physical examination, various imaging studies (CAT scans, MRI scans) and biopsy. The biopsy is often the most important piece of information and the otolaryngologist head and neck surgeon is often consulted to perform various forms of biopsy.
The parathyroid glands control calcium, metabolism and homeostasis in the body. Over function of one or more of the parathyroid glands (called hyperparathyroidism) causes an increase in calcium levels in the blood with removal of calcium from the skeleton and bones which can lead to osteoporosis, bone fractures, kidney stones, peptic ulcer disease and possible neurologic and cardiac problems.
The thyroid gland manufactures thyroid hormone which regulates the rate at which your body carries on its necessary functions. It is located in the middle of the lower neck, below the larynx (voice box) and just above your clavicles (collarbones). It is shaped like a bow-tie” having two halves (lobes), a right lobe and a left lobe joined by an “isthmus”.
Diseases of the thyroid gland are very common and are often managed medically by your endocrinologist. However when surgical intervention to remove part or all of the thyroid gland becomes necessary, patients are usually referred to head and neck surgeons (including otolaryngologists).
If you would like to speak with an ENT about any head or neck disorders you have, please schedule an appointment today!
Otolaryngologists complete up to 15 years of college and post-graduate training.
To be certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology, applicants complete college, usually four years of medical school, and at least five years of specialty training. Some then pursue a one– or two–year fellowship for more extensive training in one of the seven subspecialty areas.
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518 701 2070.